In Canada, research is commonly defined as “…a systematic investigation to establish facts, principles or generalizable knowledge,” (TCPS, 2005, p. 1.1). This definition is used in the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS).
There are many types of activities that can be classified as “research” and there are no definitive criteria for distinguishing a research project from one that simply resembles research.
This determination can only be made on a case by case basis, but is necessary to ensure the highest standards of integrity and ethical conduct, as defined in the latest Tri-Council policy statements on Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (1998; 2008) and Integrity in Research and Scholarship .
With regard to this question, it is the College’s responsibility to promote and ensure the highest standards of integrity and ethical conduct in research, as defined in the latest Tri-Council policy statements.