What constitutes research?

In Canada, research is commonly defined as “…a systematic investigation to establish facts, principles or generalizable knowledge,” (TCPS, 2005, p. 1.1). This definition is used in the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS).

There are many types of activities that can be classified as “research” and there are no definitive criteria for distinguishing a research project from one that simply resembles research.

This determination can only be made on a case by case basis, but is necessary to ensure the highest standards of integrity and ethical conduct, as defined in the latest Tri-Council policy statements on Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (1998; 2008) and Integrity in Research and Scholarship .

With regard to this question, it is the College’s responsibility to promote and ensure the highest standards of integrity and ethical conduct in research, as defined in the latest Tri-Council policy statements.


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